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Author Topic: Honda Twins - Three Phase Alternator Project  (Read 2386 times)

Offline Sonreir

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Honda Twins - Three Phase Alternator Project
« on: May 19, 2017, 15:13:07 »
Many of you know that I've been tinkering with this idea for a while. The Honda twins don't often generate enough power at idle, which really kinda cramps my plans for an EFI system at some point in the future.

So... time to solve the problem of anemic charging. When it comes to alternator/generators, three things affect the output.
  • Strength of the magnet in the rotor
  • Number of windings in the stator (affects voltage)
  • The thickness of the wire used in the windings (affects current)

The easiest electrical option would be just to increase the strength of the magnets within the rotor. Unfortunately, new rotors would be difficult to manufacture and I don't want to get into the intricacies of milling out rotors to attach new magnets. We can still revisit this if we need to, but I decided to table it for now.

So these leaves us with modifying the stator in some way. We made a couple of adjustments here. First, we eliminated three of the six mounting holes. This frees up room for more copper. Ultimately, the voltage and the current are going to be sort of a self-balancing situation, due to Ohm's law and the implemented voltage regulator, so we'll tweak those variables later, if needed. Basically, more copper = more power. Whether it comes as current or voltage, we'll worry about later. "Try it and see" is where I'm working from right now.

Additionally, we've changed the number of poles on the stator from six to nine. By going with three groups of three, we can more easily implement a three phase setup. In a single phase setup, there are two output wires from the stator. Each wire represents one end of the circuit, and as the magnets approach, and then depart, the center line of the windings, voltage increases towards a maximum positive amplitudes and then reverses direction and reaches a maximum negative amplitude.


Three phase works a bit differently. There are three output wires from the stator. Each of these wires represent one end of a circuit, with the opposite end of each of the three wires, joined together into what's known as a star configuration. You can also wind three phase as a delta config, but I've opted for star since it's a little easier. Functionally, I'm not expecting a big difference between the two, but we can experiment later if this first go doesn't work out. Anyway... because of the configuration of the poles and the windings, there is never a point where zero power is being produced by the alternator. This should provide us with steadier output from the alternator and hopefully help overcome the charging issues from which these machines suffer.


That's the idea. Looks like everything is fitting up OK, so time to start winding copper...
Sparck Moto - http://www.sparckmoto.com

Audaces fortuna iuvat.

1977 Honda CJ360 - Café SOS - Stage One™, Café SOS - Stage Two™
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Offline Maritime

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Re: Honda Twins - Three Phase Alternator Project
« Reply #1 on: May 19, 2017, 15:19:06 »
Nice, I'm following along.
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Offline advCo

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Re: Honda Twins - Three Phase Alternator Project
« Reply #2 on: May 19, 2017, 15:56:19 »
Right on. Prototypes look good. Looking forward to seeing results once there's some copper on there.
"He broke the mirrors off his Cadillac, 'cause he doesn't like it looking like he looks back."

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Offline Sonreir

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Re: Honda Twins - Three Phase Alternator Project
« Reply #3 on: May 19, 2017, 15:58:07 »
Right on. Prototypes look good. Looking forward to seeing results once there's some copper on there.

Very tight fit. I ended up taking off about .008" around the outside edge to fit it in the cases.

Thanks again for the help with the drawings!
Sparck Moto - http://www.sparckmoto.com

Audaces fortuna iuvat.

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Offline Flugtechnik

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Re: Honda Twins - Three Phase Alternator Project
« Reply #4 on: May 19, 2017, 16:39:35 »
What motor are you testing this out on?

Since you got rid of 3 of the mounting bolts, does that mean you will be attaching the stator and the stator cover with the same bolts?

Offline Sonreir

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Re: Honda Twins - Three Phase Alternator Project
« Reply #5 on: May 19, 2017, 16:48:35 »
What motor are you testing this out on?

Since you got rid of 3 of the mounting bolts, does that mean you will be attaching the stator and the stator cover with the same bolts?

This mockup is on my 360 motor, but my 360 is apart for other reasons. Once I get the winding finished up, I'll need someone with a running Honda twin that cares to test things out.

And yeah, the cover will mount with the stator using the same bolts. I suspect I'll need a standoff or something similar, but I'll cross that bridge when I get there. :)
Sparck Moto - http://www.sparckmoto.com

Audaces fortuna iuvat.

1977 Honda CJ360 - Café SOS - Stage One™, Café SOS - Stage Two™
1976 Puch Maxi - APuchalypse Now
Suzi T500 Cobra Resto

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Offline SONIC.

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Re: Honda Twins - Three Phase Alternator Project
« Reply #6 on: May 19, 2017, 16:48:44 »
Looking good.
I'm curious about cover mounting as well?

How were the prototypes made? Laser? Are they flat?

Offline Sonreir

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Re: Honda Twins - Three Phase Alternator Project
« Reply #7 on: May 19, 2017, 16:51:37 »
How were the prototypes made? Laser? Are they flat?

Pretty flat, yup. Water jet cut, I think? They're 0.75" thick.
Sparck Moto - http://www.sparckmoto.com

Audaces fortuna iuvat.

1977 Honda CJ360 - Café SOS - Stage One™, Café SOS - Stage Two™
1976 Puch Maxi - APuchalypse Now
Suzi T500 Cobra Resto

Custom Gauge Graphics
Custom Wiring Harnesses

DTT Red, White, and/or Black 360 Club - Better than those Blue guys

Offline SONIC.

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Re: Honda Twins - Three Phase Alternator Project
« Reply #8 on: May 19, 2017, 16:53:20 »
Water jet makes more sense!
I can't see that being laser cut and staying anywhere near flat haha.
They look good.

Is the original that tight on the rotor?

Offline Sonreir

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Re: Honda Twins - Three Phase Alternator Project
« Reply #9 on: May 19, 2017, 16:59:04 »
Is the original that tight on the rotor?

It's pretty close, but not quite as tight, no. I'm expecting a little rubbing (that situation occurs on the OEM unit, too), especially as things warm up and expand a bit. For the purposes of electricity generation, as close as we can get the windings to the magnet, the better.
Sparck Moto - http://www.sparckmoto.com

Audaces fortuna iuvat.

1977 Honda CJ360 - Café SOS - Stage One™, Café SOS - Stage Two™
1976 Puch Maxi - APuchalypse Now
Suzi T500 Cobra Resto

Custom Gauge Graphics
Custom Wiring Harnesses

DTT Red, White, and/or Black 360 Club - Better than those Blue guys